Page No: 29 to 33


Language study is a rabbit hole without a bottom, at least at the present time. What I mean by that is studying language in general is fascinating and absorbing and will lead you down a myriad of interesting paths, all leading to further interesting paths – but you will never reach the bottom. There is, currently, no solution, no final story that explains everything. We simply don’t know exactly how all the modern languages came to be We have theories, of course, and as you train and study for a career in language translation you will encounter most of them. Where some people might assume that language is a random bunch of noises our ancestors squawked until we’d memorised them and assigned them permanent definitions, people who have studied language know it’s more complex than that. Where some people might be aware that French, for example, stems from Latin and English has roots in German and the Nordic languages, the translation services guru knows that there was at one point in human history a single language – a first language, or “proto” language from which all other languages stem.




Page No: 23 to 28


Today, the use of web to teach and learn is inevitable for both teachers and students. Online courses are becoming more and more necessary for education to and for knowledge spread. Thus, teachers should consider this trend in education and get prepared technically and pedagogically to take online teaching in consideration. In turn, students need to get enoughskills that will help them effectively benefit from the advantages e-learning is providing.

Today, e-learning is adopted not only by students, but also by organizations that want to offer training for their employees. E-learning is a priority for businesses that look forward to improve employee’s skills and the economic benefits they can generate from that. That’s why online learning has become an important factor for both, education and business.


E-learning, Education, ICT, online learning, learning, Internet



Dr. Urmila Pravin Ravat                               Dr. Nayana  Uttambhai  Dhodi Librarian,                                                                 Assistant Professor, R.C. College of Commerce,                                              Revaba Sarvajanik Education College, Ahmedabad                            Mehsana – Gujarat(India)

Page no : 18 to 22


Information and Communication Technology has made drastic change in every field. Now a days Many Social Media Websites have made change in Social and Professional life of every individual. It creates ethical problems especially in educational field. Here researcher wants to study impact of ICT on ethical practices Performed by Faculties of Undergraduate level Colleges. The main objective of the study is to compare the impact of ICT on Ethical Practices Performed by Faculties of North Gujarat Colleges on the basis of Gender and type of institute. Self made five points scale was used for the present study. Sample comprises 75 undergraduate level College faculties of North Gujarat. Findings of the study reveals that female faculties have more impact of ICT on Ethical Practices as compare to male faculty members. No significant difference found on the basis of type of institution in impact of ICT on Ethical Practices Performed by the faculties of Undergraduate level Colleges.


Association of American Educators(n.d.). “AAE Code of Ethics for Educators.” Retrieved from

Bowden, P. and Smythe, V. (2008). “Theories on Teaching & Training in Ethics.” In Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, vol. 13(2), pp. 19-26. Retrieved from

Gluchmanova, M. (2008). “IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS IN TEACHING CURRICULA.” In Contemporary Discourse on School and Health Investigation, School and Health 21, pp. 109-114. Retrieved from

Gunzenhauser, M., G. (2012). “The Active/Ethical Professional: A Framework for Responsible Educators.” London, New York: Continuum. In Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 176 (2015 ), pp. 509 – 513.

Khader, Fakhri (January, 2012). “Teachers’ Pedagogical Beliefs and Actual Classroom Practices in Social Studies Instruction.” In American International Journal of Contemporary Research Vol. 2(1). Retrieved on 17th  May, 2017 from members/ 111_2027_ fakh.pdf.

Kolb, J., Lin, H. and Frisque, D. (2005). “Teaching Ethics in Multicultural Classroom.” In Teaching Ethics, Spring, pp.13-30. Retrieved from

Laney, J. T. (1990). “Through thick and thin: Two ways of talking about the academy and moral responsibility.” In W. W. May (Ed.), Ethics in Higher Education, pp. 49-66.

Tatto, M. & Coupland, D. (2003). “Teacher education and teachers’ beliefs: Theoretical and measurement concerns.” In J. Raths & A. McAninch (eds.), Teacher Beliefs and Classroom Performance: The Impact of Teacher Education. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

William Hill IV, G. and Zinsmeister, D. (2011). “Becoming an Ethical Teacher.”  In  Effective College and University Teaching. Retrieved from


Prof. Dr. Monaben V. Lakhani
Asst. Professor,Smt. V. D. Gardi Law College,Surendranagar (Gujarat)

page no: 14 to 17


Injunctions are either restrictive or preventive or mandatory. Thus, an injunction retraining a defendant from causing a nuisance, or disturbing an easement or committing waste, or infringing a patent is a restrictive injunction, while an injunction ordering a defendant to take down, or remove  a wall or other obstruction is a mandatory injunction, or mandatory order.

The balance of convenience ought to be considered as a preeminent consideration in the matter of grant of an interlocutory injunction in the facts of this case. The issue is to b e looked from the point of view as to facts of this case. The issue is to be looked from the point of view as to whether on refusal of the injunction the plaintiff would suffer irreparable loss or injury. (25. Preeti Singh Roy V/s. Calcutta Tramways Co. Ltd., AIR 1986 Cal 305 : (1986) 1 Cal NH 366).  


SLET, M.PHIL SCHOLAR,S.D. School of Commerce, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad.

Page No: 8 to 13


Corporate governance is the mechanism through which disclosure of company’s affairs and management action can be communicated to stakeholders. Through good corporate governance, management can obtained trust of stakeholders. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of corporate governance on profitability of selected chemical companies for the period of five years ranging from 2011-12 to 2015-16. Profit after tax is considered as variable to measure the profitability whereas board size, non executive director, director remuneration, audit committee member, director remuneration are considered as variables to measure the corporate governance. Profit after tax is dependant variable while other variables are independent. To analyse the data descriptive statistics such as mean, median are used beside this correlation analysis is also used to find the problem of multicolinearity and multiple regression is used to find the impact of independent factors on dependent factor, t-test, F-test are also used to know the significance of variables. After analysing the data it has been concluded that director remuneration have significant positive impact on profitability whereas board size has significant negative effect on profitability. From the adjusted R square we also found that corporate governance variables have moderate effect on profitability of selected chemical companies.


  • Ritika Guganai (2013), “Corporate Governance and Financial Performance of Indian Firms”. Vidhyasagar University Journal of Commerce vol 18.
  • Hindocha and Pandya ( March 2016) “Corporate Governance Practices & & Profitability: A Study Of Selected Pharmaceutical Companies” in “ Accounting and Auditing: Education, Research and Application” Part I Paper -3
  • Dr. Hemal B. Pandya(2013), “ Impact Of Corporate Governance Practices On Firm’s Performance: An Indian Perspective”. International Journal of current Business and Economics  Vol. 2, No. 9, pp. 043-051, September. .
  • ICFAI center for management research , “Business Ethics & Corporate  Governance”
  • Karam Pal Narwal & Sonia Jindal(2015), “The Impact of Corporate Governance on the Profitability: An Empirical Study of Indian Textile Industry”   International Journal of Research in Management, Science & Technology (E-ISSN: 2321-3264) Vol. 3, No. 2, April.
  • M.Y. Khan, and P.K. Jain, Financial Management, Sixth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited New Delhi, 2011.
  • Pooja Gupta &Aarti Mehta Sharma (2014),“A study of the impact of corporate governance practices on firm performance in Indian and South Korean companies”, Social and Behavioral Sciences 133 ( 2014 ) 4 – 11.
  • Annual report of UPL ltd.
  • Annual report of TATA CHEMICALS ltd.


Prof. Gargi Gohil
Umiya Arts and Commerce College, Sola -Ahmedabad

Page No: 4 to 7


The advent of digital technology in the last two decades has changed the world dramatically, and will continue to do so. Technology is driving major changes in people’s profes-sional and personal lives across  the world, impacting every facet of society, and is now an integral part of how most people interact, work, learn and access knowledge and information. New and emerging technologies are already starting to have a transform-ative effect on higher education provision. There is every reason to harness the potential of these developments in the service of high quality higher education. But to do that effectively we need to both widen and deepen our understanding of how these new technologies and pedagogical tools can be an integral part of the way higher education is delivered, and identify what measures can be taken to further stimulate, facilitate and advance it.


  • Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development, Govt. of India.
  • Ritika Chopra ‘Plan Panel Versus Sibal on profit in varsities: Twelfth Plan’. 2012.
  • Agarwal P. (2006): Higher Education in Secondary Sources: India.
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.orgHYPERLINK “”>HYPERLINK “”wiki> Higher Education in India.
  • Jha: Higher Education in India – Restructuring for increased innovation, Document prepared for the World Bank, June, 2006.



Dr. Bhavanaben M. Patel
Assistant Professor,Revaba  Sarvajanik Education College (M.Ed.)-Mehsana

page:1 to 3


In this modern period only lecture method is not appropriate for classroom teaching. As a teacher one has to use teaching aids to improve the teaching learning process. Main objectives of the study are to list out the ICT based teaching aids available in the secondary schools of rural and semi urban areas of Kadi Taluka and to know the frequency of use of the ICT based teaching aids in the secondary schools of rural and semi urban areas of Kadi Taluka. Sixteen Secondary schools of Kadi Taluka from which Eight were from rural area and Eight were from semi urban area were selected as sample of the study.  Check list and self made five point Rating scale indicating the frequency of the use of the ICT based teaching aids was used as for collecting the data. Major findings of the study were the secondary schools of semi-urban areas of Kadi Taluka have more ICT based teaching aids than the secondary schools of rural areas. The use of ICT based teaching aids is more in the subjects: Science, English and Gujarati and less in other subjects.


  1. Sharma, R. and Chandra S.S., “Advanced Educational Technology”. Atlantic Publishers and Dristributors.
  2. Sharma S.R., “Problems of Educational Research”. New Delhi: Anmol Publication.